Abstract. The brain of adolescents lends itself to evaluations that involve various areas of neuroscience and that inevitably intertwine with the interventions of juvenile justice, which is called upon to regulate the fields of application of scientific discoveries and to integrate the knowledge of psychosocial sciences. This contribution offers an interchange between neuroscience and juvenile law in an attempt to understand the causes and consequences of new forms of addiction affecting the youth population. We will try to designate possible future scenarios in which neurosciences can provide us with neurobiological and neuropsychological profiles to shape interventions for the social recovery of minors.
SUMMARY: 1. The adolescent mind: the anatomo-functional characteristics of a “young” brain. – 2. The new addictions. – 3. The neurosciences and treatment of addictions: how the brain is shaped to respond to healing needs. – 4. Cognitive law: juvenile imputability, criminal measures and re-education. – 5. Cognitive law and parenting skills. – 6. Cognitive law and rehabilitation project: how neuroscience can promote the social recovery of the child.
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